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There is no one commonly decided definition, even among computer scientists and engineers, but a general definition of AI is the capability of a machine to perform tasks that normally require human intellect, such as visual perception, speech recognition and decision-making. Cognitive Radio and Cognitive Electronic Warfare. It is not necessary that these policies be in line with either general international opinion or policy trends in other countries on these issues, as long as they adequately serve national interests. The military applications of Artificial Intelligence are spread over large areas of military functions. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are increasingly used to assist in these tasks, as the amount of sensor data increases while there are fewer analysts and camera operators available. AI is expected to play a crucial role in military logistics and transport. Some of the military functions where AI techniques are being used or have potential use are given below. CAIR lists artificial neural networks, computer vision, and situational awareness as its areas of primary focus, mentioning two other products that are under development for network-centric operations and decision making using a vast knowledge base of battlefield tactics data. The term “AI” is used so often nowadays that we have a basic understanding of what it means: a computer’s ability to perform tasks such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and language translation. The authors of this report examine military applications of artificial intelligence (AI) and consider the ethical implications. Courtesy: http://www.claws.in/1878/military-applications-of-artificial-intelligence-deepak-kumar-gupta.html, Hi, very nice article. University of Mumbai, BITS (Pilani), IITs (Kharagpur, Delhi, Mumbai, Kanpur, Roorkee), University of Pune & Delhi University  are the top universities/ schools that are undertaking professional AI graduate /post graduate courses. Key trends of AI commercial infrastructure are as under:-. For example, DARPA’s Target Recognition and Adaption in Contested Environments (TRACE) program uses machine learning techniques to automatically locate and identify targets with the help of Synthetic-Aperture Radar (SAR) images. Having familiarised with areas of military application of AI, details of progress made by India in the field of AI. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ITS APPLICATIONS RASHI- P161040 PRAKHAR –P161036 SHUBHOMOY-P161054 SANDEEP-P161043 YOGENDRA-P161060 . Development of Human resource. In June 2017, China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, a state-owned defense conglomerate, successfully flight-tested a swarm of 119 drones—a new record. Artificial intelligence in government consists of applications and regulation. Solid ... Military. Summing up – The AI Tipping Point 55 Defense, offense, and command information warfare. In particular, given the speed of cyber operations, AI could serve as a critical enabler of rapid command. An autonomous system is one that reasons probabilistically given a set of inputs, meaning that it makes guesses about best possible courses of action given sensor data input. Defense forces from different countries across the globe are embedding AI into weapons and other systems used on land, naval, airborne, and space platforms. Operations Command and Control Command and Control is considered as one of the most important functions of military operations. China’s recent advances in Swarm Intelligence—which involves autonomous cooperative behavior among masses of distributed robots—have been on prominent display in official media. MarketResearch.com6116 Executive BlvdSuite 550Rockville, MD 20852800.298.5699 (U.S.)+1.240.747.3093 (International)customerservice@marketresearch.com, 8 Key Military Applications for Artificial Intelligence in 2018, The Development of Guided Missiles and Smart Weapons, Artificial Intelligence in Military Market, 5 Game-Changing Drone Applications for 2018, Military Robots Play a Pivotal Role as a Tactical and Operational Tool for Armed Forces, The Convergence of 5G, Artificial Intelligence, Data Analytics, and Internet of Things, 4 Key Applications for Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare, 6 Ways to Differentiate Your Business from the Competition, 4 Pet Industry Trends to Watch in 2018 and Beyond, 12 Leading Companies in Clinical Laboratory Services. As a nation, we should formulate mission oriented long term policy for critical strategic AI technologies. Also introduction of deep learning algorithms into the analysis process for satellite imagery could greatly enhance the rapidity of processing. 3.1. Conclusions 90 11. Artificial intelligence is frequently used by the military and in aviation and robotics. The military employment of AI, though a natural derivative of AI development with immense potential and advantages, has been a ... race-for-artificial-intelligence_msharma_230218 (accessed 12 March 2018). Cyber Defense and Cyber Warfare. The US in particular is involved in the development of RSS, RGPs, and various other systems for battlefield healthcare. Unmanned systems used to carry out ISR missions can either be remotely operated or sent on a pre-defined route. Few areas of military AI application are listed in succeeding paragraphs. Unlike automated systems, when given the same input autonomous systems will not necessarily produce the exact same behaviour every time; rather, such systems will produce a range of behaviours. The AEGIS, which is an AI-based Mars rover is already on the red planet. There are many different applications of artificial intelligence and new uses for the technology are developed each year as artificial intelligence programs become more sophisticated. It is evident that AI can be gainfully utilized to integrate C4ISR capabilities and works towards deeper fusion of systems and sensors across all domains of warfare. The goal of DARPA’s VMR program is to extract mission-relevant information, such as the who, what, where and when, from visual media captured from  adversaries and to turn unstructured, ad hoc photos and video into true visual intelligence. Artificial intelligence applications are not open, and can put privacy at risk. Book Excerpts - 1962 War: Reflections of the Past. Computational military reasoning is a computer solving human-level military problem and concentrates on tactical artificial intelligence or battlefield decisions. Please visit. 10. By this time, China hopes to have achieved important progress in next generation AI technologies, including big data, swarm intelligence, hybrid enhanced intelligence, and autonomous intelligent systems. AI can be used in the development of Intelligent and Autonomous Weapons Systems, including unmanned aerial, surface and underwater vehicles, as well as military robotics and cruise missiles. Artificial Intelligence in Military Operations: Technology, Ethics and the Indian Perspective. AI can be gainfully employed to enhance future capabilities in following areas:-. Caveats: Legal and Ethical Concerns over AI 54 3.6. AI can employed in  development of Cognitive radio with dynamic spectrum management to enhance communications, while pursuing offensive capabilities in cognitive electronic warfare through the application of machine learning to learn and rapidly devise countermeasures for adversary systems. Regarding the application of artificial intelligence to weapons, China is currently developing “next generation stealth drones,” including, for instance, Ziyan’s Blowfish A2 model. Simulation & training is a multidisciplinary field that pairs system engineering, software engineering, and computer science to construct computerized models that acquaint soldiers with the various combat systems deployed during military operations. About the authors: Tejaswi Singh is a Senior Research Associate and Amit Gulhane is a Team Lead at MarketsandMarkets, a global market research firm. Few areas of military AI application are listed in succeeding paragraphs. There are many AI applications for the military, Artificial intelligence is used to collect huge amounts of visual surveillance data, such as laptop feeds, phone cameras, video surveillance, planted cameras, UAVs & satellite footage, A military may see an increase in surveillance quality due to the removal of human operator factors. Beyond current initiatives, the govt should expand efforts to evaluate the range of short, medium, and long-term applications of AI in warfare. Military systems are often vulnerable to cyber attacks, which can lead to loss of classified military information and damage to military systems. Artificial intelligence and computer vision share other topics such as pattern recognition and learning techniques. Software vulnerability analysis can be based on AI “fuzzing” technique that could be used in penetration testing for offensive or defensive purposes and Intrusion detection and prevention methods can be addressed by deep neural networks. Concepts like Motherships of drones releasing little baby drones from the air and the sea, infantrymen and women sporting exoskeletons and wearable electronics loaded up with combat apps, and lone mission commanders directing swarms of unmanned vessels to carry out operations are already being tested  at MIT’s Computer Science and AI Laboratory. Given the complexity involved in application of AI in both military and civilian spheres, a working definition of AI is required. The Timing of AI Development: Future Scenarios 50 3.4. Cybersecurity. The views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions or policies of the Indian Defence Review. Machine learning is also used to learn, track, and discover targets from the data obtained. It has also led to increased synergy and enhanced performance of warfare systems while requiring less maintenance. AIhas progressed rapidly over the last few years, but it is still nowhere near matching the vast dimensions of human intelligence. ... Defence Science … For instance, the US Department of Defense’s (DoD) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is financing the development of a robotic submarine system, which is expected to be employed in applications ranging from detection of underwater mines to engagement in anti-submarine operations. AI will eventually manifest in all dimensions of warfare. Defense forces from different countries across the globe are embedding AI into weapons and other... 2. GOAP enables the agent to understand its available actions from its current state and determine a means to get to a goal through search. For instance, IBM’s Watson research team partnered with the US Veterans Administration to develop a clinical reasoning prototype known as the Electronic Medical Record Analyzer (EMRA). The US military has been funding, testing and deploying various shades of machine intelligence for a long time. 14. Analyzing situation of Missiles fired, akin to satellite defense grid systems to shoot down the correct missile. USA & China are currently engaged in developing military applications of AI & next section of the paper is focusing on the same. AI is also expected to empower autonomous and high-speed weapons to carry out collaborative attacks. CAIR also lists civilian applications such as experimental robots, including a machine that can play chess by leveraging an AI-based decision engine. This means that the world must be perceived (or sensed through cameras, microphones and/or tactile sensors) and then reconstructed in such a way that the computer ‘brain’ has  an  effective  and  updated model of the world it is in before it can make decisions. § Neural Architecture:- People or more intelligent than Computers,. The results of informatization have created new challenges in the effective processing and utilization of data which in turn will enhance situational awareness and the speed of battle field decision making. An automated system is one in which a computer reasons by a clear if–then–else, rule-based structure, and does so deterministically, meaning that for each input the system output will always be the same (unless if something fails). R S Panwar. APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE BASED SIMULATIONS FOR MILITARY LOGISTICS SUPPLY NETWORK DECISION MAKING STO-MP-AVT-177 10 - 3 such as a fuel needed to perform a vehicle routing operation. This advanced analysis enables military personnel to then recognize patterns and derive correlations. Additionally, AI improves self-control, self-regulation, and self-actuation of combat systems due to its inherent computing and decision-making capabilities. The Chinese leadership is advancing an “innovation-driven” strategy for civilian and military development, aiming to become the world’s “premier innovation center” in AI by 2030.Certainly, a range of challenges, including serious shortcomings in human capital, may inhibit progress, and China presently continues to lag behind the United States in cutting-edge research and development. In different situations a state-owned defense conglomerate, successfully flight-tested a Swarm of 119 drones—a New record ISR! 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