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A broken hand happens when one or more bones in your hand break as a result of an accident, fall, or contact sports. This content does not have an Arabic version. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). If you experience new symptoms, or if the pain doesn’t go away, let your doctor know. Broken finger necessitates immediate attention. Your doctor may have put your hand in a brace, splint, or cast to allow it to heal or to keep it stable until you see another doctor. You might first seek treatment for a broken hand in an emergency room or urgent care clinic. This injury can be caused by direct blows or falls. There are several…. http://www.assh.org/handcare/hand-arm-injuries/wrist-fractures. With proper medical help, your hand will be more likely to return to its normal strength and function. Fractures can range from a small, hairline crack, to a bone or bones broken into two or more pieces. These include: A doctor will check your hand for swelling, bruising, and other signs of damage. To do this, you'll likely need a splint or a cast. Pountos I, et al. Visit a doctor as soon as you think you’ve broken your hand. While a broken hand involves the bone, a sprained hand involves a ligament. There are a number of hand fracture types, some severe and some relatively minor; as there are many different bones in the hand that could be broken. You may also be asked to continue therapy after your cast has been removed. Will I need physical therapy when the cast comes off? Broken Hand Treatment Self-Care at Home Generally, any hand injury—except for the most minor one—should be seen by a doctor. For pain, you can take ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), aspirin, or … If the bones are misaligned, you’ll need surgery to realign them. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. A sprained hand may cause the following symptoms: If you know what injury caused your symptoms, you may be able to pinpoint what’s going on. https://www.uptodate.com/home. This could happen by performing certain activities like punch or direct impact to the hand due to which stress is placed on the metacarpal bones. A doctor might have you take over-the-counter medication to control pain. 2. Whether you have a broken hand or a sprained hand, your doctor will recommend one of the following treatment plans: Cease All Physical Activity Ceasing all physical activity that can further aggravate the injury is a step in the right direction. Until you can get help, you can stop the bleeding by applying pressure and using a clean cloth or bandage. The sooner you get medical attention, the better your hand can heal. The purpose of treatment is to help your hand heal correctly. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. Smoking can delay or prevent bone healing. Broken hand treatment may include: Cast or splint immobilization , which is the most common treatment for simple and displaced fractures and typically lasts 3 to 6 weeks Surgery to reposition the bone pieces and put pins, screws, plates or wires in them to hold the bones in place. Most broken hands require some form of fixation to heal correctly and restore full function to the hand. In the meantime, you would be given pain relief medication to help you cope with any discomfort you are experiencing. Accessed April 20, 2017. Control any bleeding by placing a clean cloth or gauze pad over the wound and apply direct pressure. A patient with insurance would typically have to pay for an X-ray copay, an office visit copay and coinsurance of 10% to 50% for the procedure. To diagnose a broken hand, a doctor will use several tests. Restricting the movement of a broken bone in your hand is critical to proper healing. In most cases, a hand fracture will heal well with nonsurgical treatment. It can interfere with the normal function of your hand, making it difficult to do daily activities. • Control any bleeding by placing a• American Society for Surgery of the Hand. To be diagnosed as a broken hand, the bone must be affected — one of the bones may be broken into multiple pieces, or several bones may be affected. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00012. An X-ray is then used to … Ask your doctor about the best ways to move them. In certain cases, you might also need a bone graft. A bone graft might be used to help healing. You have five metacarpals bones in your hand, one for each finger (1st is part of your thumb, the 2nd is part of your index finger, the 3rd is part of your middle finger, the 4th part of your ring finger and the 5th part of your pinky finger). Nonsurgical Treatment of Your Broken Hand Once your doctor diagnoses the hand fracture and possible damage to other tissues, you will need to immobilize it for a while for the bones to heal. You may need any of the following treatments: You may need any of the following treatments: Brace, cast, or splint: A brace, cast, or splint may be used to decrease your hand movement. If you’re bleeding, you likely have an open fracture, meaning a bone is sticking out. Reset bones Metacarpal fracture occurs when one of the long bones get injured. You will likely undergo a second set of X-rays about a week later to ensure that the broken hand bones have remained in the proper position. A broken hand usually doesn’t require surgery. Accessing free treatment for a broken finger or broken fingertip could speed up your recovery time. Be sure to follow their directions. Overview of finger, hand, and wrist fractures. Know its treatment options. If you have an open fracture, in which you have a wound or break in the skin near the wound site, you'll likely be given an antibiotic to prevent infection that could reach the bone. You may want to write a list that includes: For a broken hand, questions to ask your doctor include: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. You will also be given painkilling medicines for the pain. Metacarpal fracture can be termed as broken hand. If you’ve injured your hand, a bandage might be able to help in the healing process. This broken hand treatment ensures that the bones do not move. Accessed April 20, 2017. This ensures that the bone heals correctly. Have you had previous hand injuries or surgery? They can explain when it’s safe to return to normal activities. Motor vehicle crashes can cause hand bones to break, sometimes into many pieces, and often require surgical repair.You may be at higher risk of a broken hand if you participate in contact sports like football or hockey, or if you have a condition in which bones become thinner and more fragile (osteoporosis).It's important to treat a broken hand as soon as possible. To reduce pain, your doctor might recommend an over-the-counter pain reliever. Accessed April 20, 2017. If you have a broken hand, a doctor is the best person to diagnose and treat it. But without proper treatment, it’s more likely to heal incorrectly. A hand fracture is caused by physical trauma, such as: These injuries can happen during scenarios like: If you think you have a broken hand, see a doctor immediately. A broken hand often requires a visit to a doctor, and you may need months of rehabilitation care. Specifically, the bones might not line up properly. It’s especially important to see a doctor if you have: A broken hand can heal by itself. A hand splint may be useful in treating a broken hand. Cast and splints: If the fracture is not displaced (meaning, it is in the proper position), a cast or splint will likely be sufficient for treating the fracture. Treatment for a broken hand is typically covered by health insurance. To do this, you'll likely need a splint or a cast. Possible treatments of a broken hand include:1 1. Generally, any hand injury-except for the most minor one-should be seen by a doctor. This is known as a malunion. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Distal radius fractures in adults. If you smoke, quit. Depending on the type and location of the fracture, this may include wearing a cast, splint or buddy straps for a period of time. The most common symptoms are: Sometimes, it can be difficult to tell if your hand is broken or sprained. Once a definitive fractured hand diagnosis has been made on the extent of damage done to the bones in your hand, a doctor would then decide on the best course of treatment. You'll be advised to keep your hand above heart level as much as possible to reduce swelling and pain. This injury is also known as a fractured hand. Scaphoid fracture of the wrist. It can also help the rule out other possible conditions, like a sprain. They can diagnose and treat your injury. Pins:Small metal pins may be inserted through the skin in order to hold the bones in a better position. During hand fracture surgery, local or general anesthesia may be used depending on the specific surgery. A critical analysis. Was your hand bent backward or forward when the impact occurred? Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. Amount of pain and swelling you have, you ’ ll have to the! 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