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Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (14 November 1719 – 28 Mei 1787) adalah seorang komponis, konduktor, guru, dan pemain biola Jerman. His early compositions and efforts often surprised his father, who gave up composing when Mozart’s musical talent became apparent. Mozart was always enthusiastic and keen to learn much more than what he was taught back then. [32] Leopoldl stayed until his grandfather's death in May 1787. [citation needed] He apparently found raising his grandson a happy experience. The last three trips were to Italy, with only the father accompanying Wolfgang. [38] However, in the following year Wolfgang found this out from a mutual acquaintance in Vienna. Some of his work was erroneously attributed to Wolfgang and some pieces attributed to Leopold were subsequently shown to be the work of Wolfgang. Mozart biographer Maynard Solomon (1995) takes the view that the tours were lucrative and produced long-term profits for Leopold; Ruth Halliwell (1998) states to the contrary that their income generally only covered their travel and living expenses. [6] Although his parents had planned a career for Leopold as a Catholic priest, this apparently was not Leopold's own wish. Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (November 14, 1719 – May 28, 1787) was a German composer, conductor, music teacher, and violinist. 3.4.1.Johann was born on May 4 1679, in Augsburg / … Mozart. The move almost certainly aided Wolfgang's musical development; the great majority of his most celebrated works were composed in Vienna. Son of Leopold Mozart and Ana Maria Walburga Mozart Ma leginkább Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart édesapjaként ismert, de a maga idejében saját jogán is ismert volt. She moved to the home of her new husband, Johann Baptist Franz von Berchtold zu Sonnenburg, in the small rural town of St. Gilgen, roughly six hours journey east of Salzburg. This work made a reputation in Europe for Leopold, and his name begins to appear around this time in music dictionaries and other works of musical pedagogy.[19]. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozartwas born on month day1756, at birth place, to Johann Georg Leopold Mozartand Ana Maria Walburga Mozart. "[30] Following Leopold's death in 1787, Nannerl had to do without this support, and Halliwell asserts that "there is every reason to believe that Leopold's death was devastating" to her.[31]. When Leopold Mozart died on 28 May (see below), Wolfgang was unable to attend the funeral, the travel time to Salzburg being too long. But his Cassation in G for Orchestra and Toys (Toy Symphony), (also variously attributed to Joseph Haydn, Michael Haydn, and Austrian Benedictine monk Edmund Angerer) remains popular, and a number of symphonies, a trumpet concerto, and other works also survive. : countless trios and divertimentos for various instruments; 12 oratorios and a number of theatrical items, even pantomimes, and especially certain occasional pieces such as martial music … Turkish music, music with 'steel keyboard' and lastly a musical sleigh ride; not to speak of marches, so-called 'Nachtstücke'[48] and many hundreds of minuets, opera dances and similar items.[49]. Leopold Mozart became a violinist at the court of the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg and rose through the orchestra’s ranks to … To be sure, often the children performed before large audiences and took in large sums, but the expenses of travel were also very high, and no money at all was made during the various times that Mozart and the children suffered serious illnesses. My father thought the world of him. 1748 d. 1749. that would certainly not be bad, – They could travel in peace, – could die, – – could stay in England, – – then I could run after them with the children etc: as for the payment he's offering me for the children, for servants and the children etc: – Basta! [5] He also developed an interest, which he retained, in microscopes and telescopes. In July 1785, Nannerl came to Salzburg to give birth to her first child, a son. Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (November 14, 1719 – May 28, 1787) was a composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist. Leopold Mozart (1719–1787), composer, married Anna Maria Pertl (1720–1778) Johann Leopold Joachim Mozart (1748–1749) Maria Anna Cordula (1749–1749) Maria Anna Nepomucena Walpurgis (1750–1750) Maria Anna Mozart (Nicknamed "Nannerl"), (1751–1829) married Johann Baptist Franz von Berchtold zu Sonnenburg (1736–1801) Other biographers who assert similar views are cited in Halliwell (1998, 365–366). Cliff Eisen, who wrote a doctoral dissertation on Leopold Mozart's symphonies, finds in a Symphony in G major examples of his "sensitivity to orchestral colour" and a work that "compares favourably with those of virtually any of Mozart's immediate contemporaries".[50]. Mozart biographer Maynard Solomon has taken a particularly harsh view of Leopold, treating him as tyrannical, mendacious, and possessive; Ruth Halliwell adopts a far more sympathetic view, portraying his correspondence as a sensible effort to guide the life of a grossly irresponsible Wolfgang. He was also strongly opposed to Wolfgang's marriage to Constanze Weber in 1782, and gave his permission late, reluctantly, and under duress. Johann Leopold Joachim Mozart b. For interpretations of this letter, see Halliwell (1998, 528), which takes a viewpoint sympathetic to Leopold, and Solomon (1995, 396), which takes a viewpoint sympathetic to Wolfgang. Mozart's first child Raimund Leopold died on 19 August 1783 in the house Oberneustift No. When he ended these studies, he found a job as a valet and musician in a noble family. Even today they play five small pieces for piano that he composed at that age. The, From Nannerl's reminiscences, composed 1792 and printed in Deutsch 1965, Source for this paragraph: Halliwell (1998, 202). 1786-1786. [2] From an early age he sang as a choirboy. His prodigious musical skills were soon observed by his father, Leopold, who decided to educate and simultaneously exhibit it. Maria Anna Nepomucena Walpurgis (1750–1750). Daniel Steptoe makes a similar assessment, and particularly faults Leopold for having blamed Wolfgang for his mother's early death – not just immediately following the death in 1778 ("a crushing reply to a young man grieving for his mother"), but even later on in 1780. The entry in ther municipal death register concerning the death of Raimund Leopold Mozart on 19 August1784´3 (A-Wsa, Totenbeschreibamt 82, M, fol. [citation needed], Wolfgang left home for good in 1781, when instead of returning from a stay in Vienna with his employer Archbishop Colloredo he remained in the city to pursue a freelance career. On his father's death in 1736, he was sent to Salzburg to study for the priesthood. The Grove Dictionary article, by Cliff Eisen, denounces "his misrepresentation at the hands of later biographers": A man of broad cultural achievement ... Leopold Mozart may have been haughty, difficult to please and at times intractable, ... but there is no compelling evidence that Mozart was excessively manipulative, intolerant, autocratic or jealous of his son's talent. Johan Georg Leopold Mozart was born in Augsburg, Austria, on November 14, 1719, son of a bookbinder. Portrait in oils attributed to, Relations with his children in their adulthood, Records of the high-quality English instruments, made by, From his expulsion record, quoted in Solomon 1995, 23, Leopold is sometimes described as having had the post of "court composer" at Salzburg. [8], In 1740, Mozart began his career as a professional musician, becoming violinist and valet to one of the university's canons, Johann Baptist, Count of Thurn-Valsassina and Taxis. [3], While a student in Augsburg, he appeared in student theatrical productions as an actor and singer,[4] and became a skilled violinist and organist. He was born in Augsburg, son of Johann Georg Mozart (1679–1736), a bookbinder, and his second wife Anna Maria Sulzer (1696–1766). Brother of Maria Anna Cordula Mozart; Maria Anna Nepomucena Ignatia Mozart; Maria Anna Walburga Mozart; Johann Carolus Amadeus Mozart; Maria Crescentia Francica de Paula Mozart and 1 other. Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (November 14, 1719 - May 28, 1787) was a composer, music teacher and violinist.He was born in the City of Augsburg, in the Swabian part of the Dukedom of Bavaria, was legal citizen of the Diocese of Salzburg, but spent a lot of time in Vienna, Austria, (all within the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ...rt, Maria Anna Cordula Mozart, Maria Anna Nepomucena Walpurgis Mozart, Johann Karl Amadeus Mozart, Maria Crescentia Francisca De Paula Mo... Maria Crescentia Francica de Paula Mozart. Austrian composer born in Salzburg. Ia dikenal sebagai ayah sekaligus guru bagi Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, dan juga akan buku teks mengenai biola yang ia tulis yang berjudul Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule . Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (November 14, 1719 – May 28, 1787) was a German composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist. This effort was to a fair degree successful; Wolfgang achieved great fame and was for a time quite prosperous (though poor planning later changed this status). https://www.geni.com/people/Leopold-Mozart/6000000004648322598 [43], Robert Spaethling, who translated Mozart's letters, typically takes a position strongly sympathetic to Wolfgang in his struggles with his father; he describes (Johann Georg) Leopold Mozart (1719 - 1787) Composer, violinist, and writer on music. At the age of six, Mozart was already an advanced interpreter of key instruments and an effective violinist. Leopold Mozart (1719–1787), composer, married Anna Maria Pertl (1720–1778) Johann Leopold Joachim Mozart (1748–1749) Maria Anna Cordula (1749–1749) Maria Anna Nepomucena Walpurgis (1750–1750) Maria Anna Mozart (Nicknamed "Nannerl"), (1751–1829) married Johann Baptist Franz von Berchtold zu Sonnenburg (1736–1801) [35], In 1785, he visited Wolfgang and Constanze in Vienna, at a time when his son's career success was at its peak. After the final return from Italy in 1773, Leopold was repeatedly passed over for the Kapellmeister post. One possibility, frequently entertained by biographers,[27] is that the marriage was blocked by Leopold, who liked having Nannerl at home as the lady of the house. Johannwas born on November 14 1719, in Augsburg, Swabia, Bavaria. For more details of the occasion, see. Leopard Mozart was his only teacher during childhood. Nannerl finally did marry in August 1784, at age 33. Johann Leopold Joachim Mozart b. [41], Little information is available on how Wolfgang took his father's death, but a postscript he included in a letter to his friend Gottfried von Jacquin suggests that, despite the quarrels and partial estrangement, his father's death was a blow to him: "I inform you that on returning home today I received the sad news of my most beloved father's death. Mozart discovered that his two children were musically gifted in about 1759, when he began with keyboard lessons for the seven-year-old Nannerl. [18], The question of whether Leopold was successful as a composer (either in terms of artistic success or fame) is debated. 1783-1783. [29], During his remaining years, Mozart spent a fair amount of his time trying to help Nannerl at a distance, as her new marriage situation, involving five apparently ill-educated stepchildren, was apparently not easy. He witnessed first hand his son's success as a performer, and on February 12 heard Joseph Haydn's widely quoted words of praise, upon hearing the string quartets Wolfgang dedicated to him, "Before God and as an honest man I tell you that your son is the greatest composer known to me either in person or by name: He has taste, and, furthermore, the most profound knowledge of composition. [5] After 1762, his compositional efforts seem to have been limited to revising his earlier work, and after 1771 he composed not at all. 1784-1858. Leopold Mozart, about 1765. See, for instance, Solomon 1995. As of 18 August 2010, you must register to edit pages on Rodovid (except Rodovid Engine). Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (Augsburg, 1719. november 14. This was also the year of his first musical publication, the six Trio Sonatas, Opus 1. His works circulated widely in German-speaking Europe." Even today they play five small pieces for piano that he composed at that age. You can imagine the state I am in."[42]. Later in 1785, when Leopold Mozart took in Nannerl's child, Wolfgang was not informed. He attended a local Jesuit school, St. Salvator [de], where he studied logic, science, and theology, graduating magna cum laude in 1735. Franz Mozart (1649–1694), master builder Johann Georg Mozart (4 May 1679 – 19 February 1736), bookbinder in Augsburg, married (i) Anna Maria Banegger, no children; (ii) Anna Maria Sulzer (1696–1766), 8 children including: Leopold Mozart (1719–1787), composer, married Anna Maria Pertl (1720–1778) Johann Leopold Joachim Mozart (1748–1749) Joann Thomas Leopold Mozart. Solomon portrays Mozart as a man who loved his children but was unwilling to give them their independence when they reached adulthood, resulting in considerable hardship for them. [citation needed], Mozart is a controversial figure among his biographers, with the largest disagreements arising concerning his role as the parent of adult children. On this day, Wolfgang wrote to him in alarm at the news, though he did not travel to Salzburg to see him. He attended a local Jesuit school, St. Salvator [de], where he studied logic, science, and theology, graduating magna cum laude in 1735. As tenants of Speckner's cousin and heir Maria Anna Raab, the Mozarts had eight rooms, including the quite large room that Speckner had used for dancing lessons. Wolfgang's resignation of his Salzburg position and marriage to Constanze as a two-act "drama of liberation from Salzburg, specially Wolfgang's liberation from Leopold Mozart".[44]. Musikalische Schlittenfahrt [de] (musical sleigh ride) calls for bells and whips in addition to a rich orchestra. The Grove Dictionary says that as of 1756, "Mozart was already well-known. Karl Thomas Mozart. [25], Wolfgang left home permanently in 1781 (see below), and from this time until 1784, his father lived in Salzburg with just Nannerl (now in her early thirties) and their servants. Johann Leopold Joachim Mozart. This work was published in 1756 (the year of Wolfgang's birth), and went through two further German editions (1769, 1787), as well as being translated into Dutch (1766) and French (1770). Person:162282. This is the ordinary flute, played by blowing across it ("transversely"), as opposed to the, Cliff Eisen, "About this Recording" Catalogue No. [5] However, in September 1739 he was expelled from the university for poor attendance, having "hardly attended Natural Science more than once or twice". 1748 d. 1749 - Rodovid EN. [citation needed], Although Mozart is portrayed (notably by Halliwell 1998) as generally quite worried about money, the Mozart family by 1773 evidently felt prosperous enough to upgrade their living quarters. Maria Anna Mozart (alcumada "Nannerl"), (1751–1829), casou con Johann Baptist Franz von Berchtold zu Sonnenburg (1736–1801), tres fillas e fillos: Leopold Alois Pantaleon von Berchtold zu Sonnenburg (1785–1840). On the contrary, a careful reading in context of the family letters reveals a father who cared deeply for his son but who was frequently frustrated in his greatest ambition: to secure for Wolfgang a worldly position appropriate to his genius. Letter from Leopold Mozart to his daughter Maria Anna from February 16, 1785. zeneszerző, zenepedagógus és hegedűművész. [5] He continued to compose, producing a series of German Passion cantatas. He studied then at the St. Salvator Lyzeum. An old school friend told Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1777, "Ah he [Leopold] was a great fellow. Austrian composer born in Salzburg. His prodigious musical skills were soon observed by his father, Leopold, who decided to educate and simultaneously exhibit it. Much of what survives is light music but there is some more substantial work including his Sacramental Litany in D major (1762) and three fortepiano sonatas, all published in his lifetime. Starting around the time he wrote this letter and continuing through the first part of 1787, his health was failing. He was promoted to second violinist in 1758 and in 1763 to deputy Kapellmeister. [5][9], In 1747 he married Anna Maria Pertl, who bore him seven children, although only two of them survived past infancy:[10], In 1743 Leopold Mozart was appointed to a position (fourth violinist) in the musical establishment of Count Leopold Anton von Firmian, the ruling Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg. Leopold turned him down, probably with harsh words. Brother of Maria Anna Cordula Mozart; Maria Anna Nepomucena Ignatia Mozart; Maria Anna Walburga Mozart; Johann Carolus Amadeus Mozart; Maria Crescentia Francica de Paula Mozart and 1 other; and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart « less. "[7], He withdrew from the St. Salvator Lyceum after less than a year. Johan Georg Leopold Mozart was born in Augsburg, Austria, on November 14, 1719, son of a bookbinder. [24], Starting around this time, a major preoccupation was the lengthy and frustrating struggle to find a professional position for his son. He studied then at the St. Salvator Lyzeum. Apart from music, Mozart’s father also taught him languages. [34] Biographers differ on the extent that Constanze was later snubbed by Leopold, if at all, during her visit with Wolfgang (July – October 1783) to Salzburg; the Grove Dictionary calls the visit "not entirely happy". Following a year's delay, he moved to Salzburg to resume his education, enrolling in November 1737 at the Benedictine University (now University of Salzburg) to study philosophy and jurisprudence. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Anawas born on December 25 1720, in St. Gilgen, … Johann Leopold Joachim (August 18, 1748 – February 2, 1749) Maria Anna Cordula (June 18, 1749 – June 24, 1749) Maria Anna Nepomucena Walpurgis (May 13, 1750 – July 29, 1750) Maria Anna Walburga Ignatia, Nannerl (July 30, 1751 – October 29, 1829) Johann Karl Amadeus (November 4, 1752 – February 2, 1753) Mozart is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and for his violin textbook Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule. Leopold Mozart, in full Johann Georg Leopold Mozart, (born November 14, 1719, Augsburg [Germany]—died May 28, 1787, Salzburg, Archbishopric of Salzburg [Austria]), German violinist, teacher, and composer, the father and principal teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. This the Mozarts used for teaching, for domestic concerts, for storing keyboard instruments sold by Leopold, and for Bölzlschiessen, a form of recreation in which family and their guests shot airguns at humorously designed paper targets. [39] my excuse is forceful and instructive, if he cares to profit from it.[40]. Johann Georg Leopold Mozart was born on month day 1719, at birth place, to 3.4.1.Johann Georg Mozart and 1.0.2.Anna Maria Mozart (born Sulzer). The infant stayed with his grandfather when she returned home, and with the assistance of his servants, he raised the child. [23], The touring continued into the early 1770s. This would mean: four string parts only; violin I, violin II, viola, cello/bass. [17] He rose no further; others were repeatedly promoted over him to the head position of Kapellmeister. Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (November 14, 1719 – May 28, 1787) was a German composer, conductor, music teacher, and violinist.Mozart is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and for his violin textbook Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule.. Life Childhood and student years. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on 27 January 1756 to Leopold Mozart (1719–1787) and Anna Maria, née Pertl (1720–1778), at Getreidegasse 9 in Salzburg. He once referred to his son as the "miracle which God let be born in Salzburg". The assessment of Leopold Mozart as a person and as a father brings forth serious disagreement among scholars. 30r). His oeuvre was extensive, but only recently have scholars begun to assess the scope or the quality of it; much is lost, and it is not known how representative the surviving works are of his overall output. 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