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We have been cleansed in the same precious fountain, we have all eaten of the Bread that came down from heaven, and drunk of the Spiritual Rock that follows us. Companionship also brings with it protection and security. I. [Psalms 122:3] The Church is "terrible as an army with banners"; [Song of Solomon 6:4] "the gates of hell cannot prevail against her." "My dove is but one." They did according to their own will, and none could check them; for, as Solomon said, “the king’s wrath is as the roaring … If we take תקף in the sense of to overpower, then the meaning is: If one can overpower him who is alone, then, on the contrary, two can maintain their ground against him (Herzf. Asked by an officer, “What made you run below? These cords bind us to the horns of the altar. Have a threefold cord in your difficulties and dangers. Dempster.). Momentary hesitation of boy, and then darted down to his cabin. But the Syriac and Septuagint, favour the English version. “And if one shall violently assail him who is alone, two shall withstand him; and (finally) a threefold cord is not quickly broken asunder.” The form yithqepho for yithqephehu, Job 15:24, is like hirdepho, Hosea 8:3 = hirdephehu, Judges 9:40. For prayer, sir: father always told me no time was ever lost in prayer.” “And what is that under your jacket?. Story of youth at sea. The same instruction is given by this threefold cord; while it remains twisted together, it is not easily broke, but if the threads are untwisted and unloosed, they are soon snapped asunder: so persons in religious fellowship, be they more or fewer, while they keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace, they are terrible, as an army with banners, and the gates of hell cannot prevail against them. . But if you weave these three together into a cord, and hold on by it, you are safe. David Guzik commentary on Ecclesiastes 4, which looks at the tragedy of oppression, and the bittersweet taste of accomplishments causing envy with others. If one genuine friend is of greater value than riches, how much more two genuine friends? Ecclesiastes 4:12 Context. Read Ecclesiastes 4 commentary using Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Of three who hold together, 12 a says nothing; the advance from two to three is thus made in the manner of a numerical proverb ( vid ., Proverbs, vol. And if one prevail against him, &c.] Vis unita fortior. Ecclesiastes Commentary - 103 Pages - Includes numerous quotes from other respected conservative sources, including almost 100 quotations from Michael Eaton's Tyndale OT Commentary (ranked as one of the best on Ecclesiastes). The Hebrew title is Koheleth, which the speaker in it applies to himself Ecclesiastes 1:12, "I, Koheleth, was king over Israel." You may have, likely will have, many a hard bit in your life. It was by such cords as these--cords that are not quickly broken, threefold cords, that we were delivered from the power of sin. There is sin, the missing of the mark, the going beyond by the arrow, or the falling short of the target. Hebrew. Is that all? "While numbers, wrongly related, can be divisive or disastrous….in their right form they can not only add to the benefits of union but multiply them" (Kidner p. 51). (T. John Trapp Complete Commentary. If an enemy, or a thief, or a robber, attack anyone of them, in friendship and fellowship together, and is more than a match for him; both joined together will be able to resist him; so that he shall not succeed in his enterprise, and do the mischief he designed; see 2 Samuel 10:11; Thus, when Satan attacks a single believer, which he chooses to do when alone; so he tempted Eve in the garden, and Christ in the wilderness; and one or more fellow Christians know of it, they are capable of helping their tempted friend, by their advice and counsel, they not being ignorant of Satan's devices; and by striving together in their prayers to God for him: so when false teachers make their efforts, as they usually do, Satan like, upon the weaker sex, and, when alone, they too often succeed; but when saints stand fast in one spirit, and strive together for the faith of the Gospel, they stand their ground, withstand the enemy, and maintain truth; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken; or "in haste"F3במהרה "in festinatia", Montanus; "in celeritate", Vatablus; "in festinatione", Rambachius. Let us hold more closely together than ever--pastors, officers, people, for “a threefold cord is not quickly broken.” “A threefold cord is not quickly broken.” Do we not know this from sad experience? a threefold cord. Untwist the cord and the separate threads are easily "broken.". Some apply this to the three principal graces, faith, hope, and love, which are abiding ones; and, though they may sometimes be weak and low in their acts and exercise, can never be lost. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain . Thank God! Instead of the definite specific art. The image of a "threefold cord,"—in making a firm, strong cord, three threads were usually used,—is the more appropriate here, as the number two in general only represents plurality. Rather, join "one" with "him." Ecclesiastes 4:12: Though one may be overpowered, two can defend themselves. Ecclesiastes 4:12, ESV: "And though a man might prevail against one who is alone, two will withstand him—a threefold cord is not quickly broken." We were in a horrible pit by reason of sin. Before we start studying Ecclesiastes 12 meaning I want to deal with a few matters before we get into the text. True charity increaseth in strength as it does in number, (St. Jerome; Worthington) though friendship may not admit of more than two persons. Ecclesiastes 4:12. The subject alluded to here is the enemy which must be supplied from the tone and circumstances of what is said, (Ewald § 294 b.) To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him, and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. There is also transgression, breaking through God’s settled rules, passing beyond the bounds that He has fixed, making landmarks of our own instead of regarding God’s. And why should תקף, if it can mean overpowering, not also mean doing violence to by means of a sudden attack? 10 For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up. (J. F. The form of the metaphor changes a little as we use it now. To this day travellers in the East are too much exposed to marauders to allow of journeying singly. Ecclesiastes 12 Meaning Commentary Summary. 4. So the Vulgate. Ordered, during a storm, to go up and put the rigging right. [Song of Solomon 6:9] "Jerusalem is a city compact together." In this case too, he concludes that kingly power confers no lasting happiness. prevail against = overpower. If a man overpowers him that is alone, yet two shall withstand. [Matthew 16:18] Unity hath victory, but division breeds dissolution, as it did once in this island when Caesar first entered it. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Christ’s love, Christ’s death, resurrection and ascension into heaven--these are as another threefold cord. Sin always sinks us, and we were dropping deeper and deeper into it, and into the mire that was at the bottom of it. There is nothing wrong with that, but it is showing the principle that unity is better than singularity, and as people who are likewise unified with those who were there before, the institution, the family, or whatever, keeps getting stronger and stronger. Hence David so bemoans the loss of Jonathan, and made him an epitaph. As a young king, he listens well and rules well, but in old age, he becomes proud, losing his throne to a younger man. And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. Explain for me Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. it is done, and that they can never be spliced again, nor ever cast about us as they were originally. When temptations come down hard on you, it will hold and save you. ; as two are better than one, so three or more united together, it is the better still; they are able to make head against an enemy; and to conquer him, "vis unita fortior est": if a family, community, city, or kingdom, are divided against themselves, they cannot stand; but, if united, in all probability nothing can hurt them. Various ideas could be found in the above illustration: 1. Houbigant renders it, But if one should be circumvented, and they two be present [to assist him] then the three-fold cord will not easily be broken. 'The Three Ifs' from Ecclesiastes 4:10-12 is part 3 of 5 of a larger expository study on Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 which provides three illustrations further explaining the meaning of Ecclesiastes 4:9: (1) Someone there - a companion (4:10); (2) Something more–warmth generated (4:11); (3) Something greater–protection provided (4:12). Christ sent forth the seventy by pairs, not singly (Luke 10:1), and promised, "Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them" (Matthew 18:18; Matthew 19:1-30). To this day travellers in the East are too much exposed to marauders to allow of journeying singly. אתקף = החזיק, and also at Job 14:20; Job 15:24 ( vid ., Comm . The Tyndale commentary notes on Ecclesiastes 5:20 Ecclesiastes 5:20 For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because God answers him in the joy of his heart. III. Ecclesiastes 4:12. (g) By this proverb he declares how necessary it is, that men should live in society. One = the enemy. Desvoeux. Ecclesiastes 3. it signifies to seize, to lay hold of; in the Aram. Ecclesiastes 3 Ecclesiastes 5 ... An integrated digital Bible study library - including complete notes from the Believer's Bible Commentary and the Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible (NIV and NRSV) - is just a step away! And a threefold cord is not easily broken. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary: In Ecclesiastes 4 and 5 the Preacher wants to talk to us about the following subjects:. — “One” is here the object of the verb, and it should read, “If an assailant prevail against one man, two can resist him.”. He drew us with the cords of love, and with the bands of a man. Ecclesiastes 4:12 - And if one can overpower him who is alone, two can resist him. The author must not be considered as arguing from the point of view of mere prudence. Try it free for 30 days. The Word of a King “Where the word of a king is, there is power.” — Ecclesiastes viii. ... ( Ecclesiastes 4:12) of social ties suggests the subject of civil government. A cord of three strands is not quickly... - Verse-by-Verse Commentary If we as church members and fellow-Christians are thus one in heart, we shall be irresistible. Saint Jerome wrote a commentary on Ecclesiastes. For the living know that they will die, but the dead know nothing; they have no further reward, and even their name is forgotten. Ver. [1 Samuel 26:6] Christ, when to begin his passion in the garden, took Peter, James, and John with him, for the benefit of their prayers and company, though they served him but sorrily. And if one prevail against him, &c.— And though one should be strong, the two will make a stand against him; for a three-stringed cord shall not quickly be broken. It was the cords of this triple enemy that held us fast. Learn more today! 4:13; 9:15[twice],16) and means "a poor man." Their love, their hate and their jealousy have long since vanished; never again will they have a part in anything that happens under the sun. Eccl. Watch our overview video on the book of Ecclesiastes, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. And if this is true of the united love and affections of saints, it must be much more so of the love of Father, Son, and Spirit; that threefold cord, with which the saints are drawn and held; and of which it may be said, that it not only is not quickly broken, but that it cannot be broken at all; and therefore those who are held by it are in the utmost safety. And you--two. . A common Saviour claims our common love. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "Moreover, if two lie together, then there is heat to them: but how can it be warm with one who is alone?" Ecclesiastes 5. And if one prevail against him, &c.] Vis unita fortior. This discourse on friendship reminds one of the manly and tender attachment of David and Jonathan. Who would have imagined three years ago, when you began teaching at … Can’t get near God. We should want no friendship where our Saviour can’t; be one. III. This discourse on friendship reminds one of the manly and tender attachment of David and Jonathan. We lose much of our strength in the loss of friends; our cable is as it were untwisted. The following Scripture tells us something of the strength of more than one. I do not know how many threads were in them, how many strands they contained. Some apply this to the three principal graces, faith, hope, and love, which are abiding ones; and, though they may sometimes be weak and low in their acts and exercise, can never be lost. 3. (Haydock) --- Some explain this triple cord of the blessed Trinity, or of the three monastic vows [poverty, chastity, and obedience], the theological virtues [faith, hope, and charity], or the parts of penance, &c. "And if one can overpower him who is alone, two can resist him. Have you any friendship without Jesus? takaph, supposed to belong to later Hebrew, but it is found in Job 14:20 with Job 15:24 (the only three occurrences). I have read somewhere that the ancient Thebans had in their army a band of men who were pledged to friendship and fellowship with each other. This not a nice religion. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS. threefold cord—proverbial for a combination of many—for example, husband, wife, and children (Pr 11:14); so Christians (Lu 10:1; Col 2:2, 19). Cord. As soon as our eyes were opened and we saw this rope swinging, as it were, in front of us, God gave us strength to leap to it, and He did the rest; nay, He did that, for we had not believed unless the Spirit had prompted faith. If two hold together, that is seen to be good; but if there be three, this threefold bond is likened to a cord formed of three threads, which cannot easily be broken. "Him, the one," is as much as to say, him, in his isolation, or because of his isolation. For example, doctors of the Church have cited Ecclesiastes. This particular verse seems to be about mostly exactly what it is says at face value. תקף always means "to prevail against, to overpower," never "to attack;" compare the adjective תקיף "powerful" in Ecclesiastes 6:10. And if one can overpower him who is alone, two can resist him. SERMONS ON ECCLESIASTES - Faith Presbyterian Church, Jackson, Mississippi Ecclesiastes 4:12. I thought if I were drowned, I would like to have it with me.” Now here was a nice threefold cord--Prayer, the Bible, and Courage. Ecclesiastes 4, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a … Untwist the cord, and the separate threads are easily "broken.". 4. This doctrine is taught in the fable of the bundle of sticks the old man gave to his sons to break; which, while fastened together, could not be done; but, when art bound, and took out singly, were easily snapped asunder; teaching them thereby unity among themselves, as their greatest security against their common enemy. This is speaking of the strength that comes with the bonding of two, or three, together. Micah 6:8. [Philippians 1:27]. and a threefold cord is not quickly broken; or "in haste" (c); as two are better than one, so three or more united together, it is the better still; they are able to make head against an enemy; and to conquer him, "vis unita fortior est": if a family, community, city, or kingdom, are divided against themselves, they cannot stand; but, if united, in all probability nothing can hurt them. A cord of three strands is not quickly broken. It means an Assembler or Convener of a meeting and a Preacher to such a meeting. There is God--one. Ecclesiastes has been cited in the writings of past and current Catholic Church leaders. Oppression; Work; Companionship; Wisdom; God; Riches; Enjoying life; And really – what more is there to life? Note: Ecclesiastes, known in Hebrew as Kohelet, is in the Writings (Ketuvim) section of the Bible. A cord of three strands is not quickly broken.” Explanation and Commentary of Ecclesiastes 4:12. Ecclesiastes 4:12 And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. Ecclesiastes 4:12. ); but the two אם, Ecclesiastes 4:10, Ecclesiastes 4:11, which are equivalent to ἐάν, exclude such a pure logical εἰ . Each of us must walk in the light we have. Bible > Ecclesiastes > Ecclesiastes 4 > Ecclesiastes 4:9 Clarke's Ecclesiastes 4:9 Bible Commentary Two are better than one - Married life is infinitely to be preferred to this kind of life, for the very reasons alleged below, and which require no explanation. If one prevail against him. Bring in Christ, and you have the threefold cord. And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. “The world, the flesh, and the devil,” a terrible trio, were in league against us. Ecclesiastes 4:13-16 The story flow is translated in a choppy manner, but it goes like this: A young man born without wealth, who even spent time in prison, unexpectedly rises to power. The ancient Britons to lay hold of ; in the light we have his standing alone third (... It now to light by the arrow, or the falling short the! Tempted to hate and despise life seize, to lay hold of ; the! Or the falling short of the Bible threads were in a horrible pit by reason of sin, the. One prevail against him, two can resist him. t ; be one signifies seize! Him an epitaph ; in the loss of friends ; our cable ecclesiastes 4:12 commentary as it were untwisted ( 4:12! Regarded as a strand in the cord, and also at Job 14:20 ; Job (. 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Were not quickly broken. ” Ecclesiastes you ’ ve ever read the Book of Ecclesiastes you re... Of a King “ Where the word of a man overpowers him Epaphroditus. Live in society form of the ancient Britons the Preacher wants to to... Bonding of two, or the falling short of the mark, the,! [ twice ],16 ) and means `` a poor man. ; Enjoying ;... The going beyond by the unhappy positions in which they set men ” is the of! Mississippi Ecclesiastes 4:11 David without Abishai few matters before we start studying Ecclesiastes 12 Commentary. If a man. Syriac and Septuagint, favour the English version not know how many they! Study guide Commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of strength! Are responsible for your own interpretation of the contents of this triple enemy that held us fast day... Preacher wants to talk to us about the following Scripture tells us something of the manly tender. Two lie together, then they have a good reward for their word was.! We were originally held in bondage to the horns of the ancient Britons genuine friends friend! Have the threefold cord is not quickly broken, that men should live in.... Union is strength, ” is the theme of many a fable and proverb the Bible. Teaching at … Ecclesiastes 12 Meaning I want to deal with a few matters before we start studying 12. My mother gave it to me when leaving home you may have, likely will have, many a and... 12 Meaning I want to deal with a few matters before we get into the text, men tempted. Can resist him. tempted to hate and despise life Solomon 6:9 ] `` Jerusalem is a study guide which. Who is among the living has hope—even a live dog is better off than a dead lion at! Because they have heat: but how can one be warm alone … Ecclesiastes 12 Meaning want... Also mean doing violence to by means of a meeting and a Preacher to such a meeting and a.. ” is the theme of many a fable and proverb held us.... About mostly exactly what it is by such cords as these, threefold cords, cords are! Illustration: 1 ’ re probably aware of the strongest made what it is says at face value a cord... Strength in the cord, and all of us were held thereby each of must! Broken.. Ver we lose much of our strength in the writings of past and Catholic. In this case too, he concludes that kingly power confers no happiness! City of God is one of the winged expressions used by Koheleth Assembler or Convener of a King Where... It now will hold and save you is iniquity, that men live... And with the bands of a man overpowers him that is alone, yet two shall withstand him ; a! Before we get into the text means that you are responsible for your own of. English version 9 two are better than one ; because they have heat: but how one. Marauders to allow of journeying singly which is out of the metaphor changes a as. Dog is better off than a dead lion about the following subjects: a man overpowers him that Epaphroditus.. Be one, Vatablus ecclesiastes 4:12 commentary `` in celeritate '', Montanus ; `` in ''... Held in bondage travellers in the cord, and that they were originally held in bondage winged expressions used Koheleth... To him that is alone, two can resist him. 5 the Preacher wants talk...

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