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New Zealand has an adult literacy rate of 99 percent and over half of the population aged 15–29 hold a tertiary qualification. This region is also the fastest growing, accounting for 46 percent of New Zealand's total population growth. New Zealand is part of a realm and most people born in the realm's external territories of Tokelau, the Ross Dependency, the Cook Islands and Niue are entitled to New Zealand passports. Another popular option is the UK Working Holiday visa, also known as "Youth Mobility Scheme" (YMS), which grants New Zealanders 2-year rights to live and work in the UK. “Female life expectancy has increased by 0.1 years since 2016-2018, and by 1.1 years in the past decade.” Māori were discouraged from speaking their own language in schools and work places and it existed as a community language only in a few remote areas. There are also significant numbers of Christians who identify themselves with Methodist, Pentecostal, Baptist and Latter-day Saint churches, and the New Zealand-based Rātana church has adherents among Māori. [14], The proposed Family and Whānau Violence Legislation Bill[15] seeks to address the limitations of using ‘male assaults female’ as a mechanism to address domestic violence, however Amy Adams explicitly recommended keeping 'male assaults female'.[16]. New Zealand still has some old laws which have not been repealed or replaced. Life expectancy at birth was 83.2 years for females and 79.5 years for males, based on death rates in 2012–14. Traditionally the ratio is about 3:1 male to female.[46]. [31][32] The boundaries of councils tended to follow the edge of the built-up area, so there was little difference between the urban area and the local government area. A person born on or after 1 January 2006 acquires New Zealand citizenship at birth only if at least one parent is a New Zealand citizen or permanent resident. [28] The vast majority of the population live on the main North and South Islands, with New Zealand's major inhabited smaller islands being Waiheke Island (9,660), the Chatham and Pitt Islands (760), and Stewart Island (381). [34] The 20 largest urban areas are listed below: Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. [68] The European grouping significantly decreased from 80.0 percent of the population in 2001 to 67.6 percent in 2006, however, this is broadly proportional to the large increase in "New Zealanders". Life expectancy for Australian males at birth reached 80.4 years in 2015, and female life expectancy increased to 84.5 years. Life expectancy will also vary by ethnicity and socioeconomic position. Data released by Statistics New Zealand today showed the life expectancy for children has increased by one year for females and 1.5 years for males in the past eight years. As recorded in the 2018 census, about 38 percent of the population identified themselves as Christians,[4] although regular church attendance is estimated at 15 percent. [77] The words rarely and really, reel and real, doll and dole, pull and pool, witch and which, and full and fill can sometimes be pronounced as homophones. [40] Following the Great Depression policies were relaxed and migrant diversity increased. In 2013, Japan had the highest life expectancy for females (86.6 years) and Switzerland for males (80.7 years) of the OECD countries, along with Spain (86.1 years for females) and Iceland (80.5 years for males). Māori Life Expectancy: During 2013, the life expectancy of Māori males was 73 years and 77 years for Māori females. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years. Section 194 of the Crimes Act, ‘assault on a child, or by a male on a female’, sets the maximum penalty for a male assaulting a female at two years and such assaults are not covered by the less restrictive 'bail as of right' provisions. The top graph shows non-Māori female deaths by age group between 1876 and 2006. [78][79][75] Some New Zealanders pronounce the past participles grown, thrown and mown using two syllables, whereas groan, throne and moan are pronounced as one syllable. Fewer boys stay in school until 17, 81.4% compared to 86.5% (5.1 percentage points difference), Women are 60% of those who gain tertiary certificates and diplomas. The New Zealand life expectancy at birth for babies born between 2012 and 2014 was 79.5 years for males and 83.2 years for females, which is a difference of 3.7 years. 10. In 2016 12.9% of women were NEET, compared to 10.1% of men. Before local government reforms in the late 1980s, a borough council with more than 20,000 people could be proclaimed a city. The goal of these programs is to increase representation for women and help them gain further recognition in the economic sector. [29] Between 2006 and 2013 the number of people of Māori descent stating Ngāpuhi as their iwi increased by 3,390 people (2.8 percent). Following the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840 when the country became a British colony, immigrants were predominantly from Britain, Ireland and Australia. Health of Aged in Aotearoa In Aotearoa New Zealand, the life expectancy of ageing population is 81.1 years for females and 76 years for males, whereas for indigenous population life- expectancy is approximately less than nine years for non-Maori people. Programme for International Student Assessment, "National Population Estimates: At 30 June 2016", "Births and deaths: Year ended December 2017", "2013 Census QuickStats about culture and identity – Languages spoken", "2018 Census population and dwelling counts | Stats NZ", "Seeking an Ethnic Identity: Is "New Zealander" a Valid Ethnic Category? Most New Zealanders earn wage or salary income, with a median personal income in 2013 of NZ$28,500. This was criticized by the Human Rights Commission as being insufficient as there is no dedicated machinery to guide it.[24]. vi Independent Life Expectancy in New Zealand 2013 Independent life expectancy for Māori males decreased in both absolute and relative terms, which indicates an absolute expansion of morbidity. Gender equality is a topic in the workforce that has received increasing discussion and momentum. Gender equality is the notion that all men and women should receive equal treatment in all aspects and that one should not be discriminated based on their sex. New Zealand has an adult literacy rate of 99 percent,[97] and over half of the population aged 15 to 29 hold a tertiary qualification. [1] The right to be free of discrimination on the grounds of sex is found pursuant to Article 2 of the declaration. And Australia’s life expectancy remains higher than countries such as New Zealand, the UK and the US, the ABS said. [69] As last recorded in the 2013 census, the largest iwi is Ngāpuhi with 125,601 people (or 18.8 percent of people of Māori descent). Among those with functional limitations, more required a medium level of support and fewer The life expectancy of female of New Zealand increased from 81.83 years in 2005 to 83.86 years in 2018 growing at an average annual rate of 0.27%. The average life expectancy for females in Hong Kong is 87.8 years and 82 for males. [6], Nonetheless, despite the gap between wage equality slowly closing in, the report found that the government funding allocated to reduce gender inequality in New Zealand is on the low side in comparison to other countries in the OECD.[6]. [16] The population is increasing at a rate of 1.4–2.0 percent per year. [55] In the nineteenth century, European settlers brought diseases for which the Māori had no immunity. Mexico had the lowest life expec… Inequality No data available for New Zealand. The improvement was only moderate, ranking 13th among developed nations. Source: Statistics New Zealand, complete cohort life tables 1876–2014 (updated March 2016) and national population projections 2014(base)–2068, mortality assumptions (published November 2014). For 1921–2000, population in the table means population on 1 January on the year. Other communities of New Zealanders abroad are concentrated in other English-speaking countries, specifically the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada, with smaller numbers located elsewhere. [114] The median income for men was $31,500, $12,400 more than women. The government has also implemented effective structures of governance, specialized human rights and other accountability mechanisms, and has recognised the vulnerability of particular groups and individuals. Life expectancy at birth was 80.9 years for males and 85.0 years for females in 2017-19; Victoria (81.8 years) had the highest male life expectancy; Australian Capital Territory (85.6 years) had the highest female life expectancy Pacific and migrant women which are endorsed by their communities 45,000 migrants set. Of homosexuality for men until the homosexual law reform bill in 1986 and military conscription 20 largest areas. 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